Borrmann R. Geschwulste des Magens und Duodenum. In: Henke F, Lubarsch O. Handbuch der speziellen patologischen Anatomie und Histologie vol IV pag 812-1054 Springer, 1926 Berlino.

Bradley E L, Isaacs J, Hersh T. Nutritional consequences of total gastrectomy. Ann Surg 1975; 182: 415.

Brägelmann R, Armbrecht U, Rosemeyer D e al. Nutrient malassimilation following total gastrectomy. Scand J Gastroenterol 1996; 31 Suppl 218: 26.

Braun H. Über Gastro-Enterostomie und gleichzeitig ausgefuhrte Entero-Anastomose. Arch Klin Chir; 1893; 45: 361.

Brigham C B. Case of removal of the entire stomach for carcinoma; sucessfull esophagus-duodenostomy. Boston M & S J. 1898; 138: 415.

Dent DM, Madden MV, Price SK. Randomized comparition of R1 and R2 gastrectomy for gastric cancer. Br J Surg 1988; 75: 110-2.

Dziadek J. Erfahrungen mit totaler abdominaler Gastrektomie und Ersatzmagen. Chirurg 1954; 25: 170.

Earlam R. Bile reflux and the Roux en Y anastomosis. Br J Surg 1983; 70: 393.

Goldschwend F. Operations und Dauererfolge bei bösartiger maligner Geschwülstbildung Magens. Arch Klin Chir 1908; 88: 218.

Goldstein F. Mechanisms of malabsorbition and malnutrition in the blind loop syndrome. Gastroenterology 1971; 61: 780.

Hada M, Hihara T, Kakishita M. Computed tomography in gastric carcinoma: thickness of gastric wall and infiltration to serosa surface. Radiat Med 1984; 2: 27.

Henley FA. Gastrectomy with replacement. Br J Surg 1952; 40: 118.

Hoffmann V. Eine Methode des plastischen Magenersatzes. Zentralbl Chir 1922; 49: 1477.

Hunnicutt AJ. Replacing stomach after total gastrectomy with right ileo-colon. Arch Surg 1952; 65: 1.

Hunt CJ. Construction of food pouch from segment of jejunum as substitute for stomach in total gastrectomy. Arch Surg 1952; 64: 601.

Japanese Research Society for gastric cancer. The general rules for the gastric cancer study in surgery and pathology. Jpn J Surg 1981; 11: 127-39.

Kodama Y, Inokuchi K, Soejima K e al. Growth patterns and prognosis in early gastric cancer. Superficially spreading and penetrating growth types. Cancer 1983;  51: 320-6.

Lauren P. The two histological main types of gastric carcinoma: diffuse and so-called intestinal-type carcinoma: an attempt at a histoclinical classification. Acta Pathol Microbiol Scand 1965; 64: 31-49.

Lawrence W. Reservoir construction after total gastrectomy: an instructive case. Ann Surg 1962; 155: 191.

Lee C M. Transposition of a segment of colon as a gastric reservoir after total gastrectomy. Surg Gynecol Obstet 1951; 92: 456.

Liedman B, Henningsson A, Mellstrom D e al. Changes in bone metabolism and body composition after total gastrectomy: results of a longitudinal study. Dig Dis Sci 2000; 45: 819-24.

Loeb MJ. Comparative strenght of inverted, everted and end- on intestinal anastomoses. Surg Gynecol Obstet 1967; 125: 301.

Longmire WP, Beal JM. Construction of a substitute gastric reservoir following total gastrectomy. Ann Surg 1952; 135: 637.

Lygidakis NJ. Long term results of a new method of reconstruction for continuity of the alimentary tract after total gastrectomy. Surg Gynecol Obstet 1984; 158: 335.

Lygidakis NJ. Total gastrectomy for gastric carcinoma: a retrospective study of different procedures and assessment of a new technique of gastric reconstruction. Br J Surg 1981; 68: 649.

Maki T, Shiratori T, Hatafuku T e al. Pylorus-preserving gastrectomy as an improved operation for gastric ulcer. Surgery 1967; 61: 838.

Maruyama K, Gunven P, Okabayashi K e al. Lymph node metastases of gastric cancer. General pattern in 1931 patients. Ann Surg 1989; 210: 596-602.

Maruyama K, Sasako M, Kinoshita T e al. Pancreas preserving total gastrectomy for proximal gastric cancer. World J Surg 1995: 19: 532-6.

Mc Aleese P, Calvert H, Ferguson WR e al. Evaluation of “gastric” emptyng time in the J pouch compared with a standard esophagojejunal anastomosis. World J Surg 1993; 17: 595.

Mc Corkle HJ, Harper HA. The problem of nutrition following complete gastrectomy. Ann Surg 1954; 140: 467.

Ménétrier P. Des polyadénomes gastriques et de leur rapports avec le cancer de l’estomac. Arch Physiol Norm Path 1888 1: 32-35.

Moroney J. Colonic replacement and restoration of the human stomach. Ann Royal Coll Surg, England 1953; 12: 328.

Moyhihan BGA. On total extirpation of the stomach with a record of an unsuccessful case. Br Med J 1903; 2: 1458.

Orr T G. A modified technic for total gastrectomy. Arch Surg 1947; 54: 279.

Popovici Z. Aspects particuliers de la colo-oesophagoplastie dans le sténoses oesophagiennes post-caustiques. J Chir (Paris) 1977; 113: 269-78.

Poth EJ, Smith LB. Gastric pouches: their evaluation. Am J Surg 1966; 112: 721.

Randall HT. Discussione in Poth E J: Surgical correction of severe dumping and postgastrectomy malnutrition. Ann Surg 1964; 160: 488.

Ravitch MM, Canalis F, Weinshelbaum A, McCormick J: Studies in intestinal healing: III. Observation on everting intestinal anastomoses. Ann Surg 1967; 166: 670.

Rodinò D. Contribution à la technique de l’anastomose oesophagojéjunale après gastrectomie totale. J Chir (Paris) 1952; 68: 716.

Roux C. De la gastro-enterostomie. Étude basée sur les opérations pratiquées du 21 juin 1888 au Ier septembre 1896. Rev Gynec Chir Abdom 1897; 1: 67.

Sawyers JL, Herrington L, Buckspan GS. Remedial operation for alkaline reflux gastritis and associated postgastrectomy syndromes. Arch Surg 1980; 115: 519.

Schlatter C. Schlussbericht über einen Fall von totaler Magenextirpation. CBL Chir 1899; 31: 878.

Schlatter C. Über Ernahrung und Verdanung nach vollstandiger Entfernung des Magens-Oesophagoenterostomie bein Mensches. Beitr Klin Chir 1897; 19: 757 [Schlatter C. Sulla nutrizione e digestione dopo gastrectomia ed esofago-enteroplastica nell’uomo. Beitr Klin Chir 1897; 19: 757.]

Scott HW, Gobbel W G, Law DH. Clinical experience with a jejunal pouch (Hunt-Lawrence) as a substitute stomach after total gastrectomy. Surg Gynecol Obstet 1965; 121: 1231.

Scott HW, Law DH, Gobbel WG. Clinical and metabolic studies after total gastrectomy with Hunt-Lawrence food pouch. Am J Surg 1968; 115: 148.

Scott HW, Weidner MG. Total gastrectomy with Roux-en-Y esophagojejunostomy in treatment of gastric cancer. Ann Surg 1956; 143: 682.

Seo S. Stomach resection transplanting jejunum. J Jpn Clin Surg Soc 1941; 42: 1004.

Skinner DB. Esophageal reconstruction. Am J Surg 1980; 139: 810

Sullivan MB. The present status of the postcibal “dumping” reaction. Surgery 1966; 59: 645.

Svedlund J, Sullivan M, Liedman B, Lundell L, Sjödin I. Quality of life after gastrectomy for gastric carcinoma: controlled study of reconstructive procedures. World J Surg 1997; 21: 422.

Tabaqchali S. The pathophysiological role of small intestinal bacterial flora. Scand J Gastroenterol 1970; (Suppl 6): 139.

TNM Classification of malignant tumours. V edizione 1997 Wiley-Liss Ed, New York.

Tsuburaya A, Naguchi Y, Matsumoto A e al. A preoperative assessment of adjacent organ invasion by stomach carcinoma with hight resolution computed tomography. Jpn J Surg 1994; 24: 299-304.

Uras C, Yigitbasi R, Erturk S e al. Restorative caecogastroplasty reconstruction after pylorus-preserving near-total gastrectomy: a preliminary study. Br J Surg 1997; 84: 406.

Whoterspoon AC, Doglioni C, Diss TC e al. Regression of primary low-grade B cell gastric lymphoma of mucosa associated lymphoid tissue type after eradication of Helicobacter pylori. Lancet 1993; 342: 575-77.

Wickbom G, Bushkin F L Woodward ER. Alkaline reflux esophagitis. Surg Gynecol Obstet 1974; 139: 267.

Woodwart ER, Hastings N. Surgical treatment of the postgastrectomy dumping syndrome. Surg Gynecol Obstet 1960; 111: 429.

15.1 15.2

Fig. 15.1

In Centralblatt für Chirurgie del 1899 sono sintetizzati i risultati dell’autopsia eseguita sul primo uomo operato di gastrectomia: la paziente, una donna tedesca di 58 anni, fu operata dal dott. Schlatter nel 1897 e  sopravvisse quasi due anni.